Woven fabrics have been developed throughout the ages by “weavers” and their predecessors. Weaving textiles involves the interlacing of two or more yarns to create fabric. In weaving, the warp and the weft are terms to describe the direction of the yarn compared to the loom. The warp is the yarn that runs up the loom vertically. They act as the beam or center that the weft, or the horizontal yarns, are interlaced through. A shuttle is a tool that neatly carries the weft thread through the warp repeatedly to crate your finished textile. Woven textiles are easiest to spot due to the crisscross pattern. They are also easiest to use because they do not unravel if you cut them.
Woven Fabric Types
Woven fabrics can be created in a variety of ways.
common type of woven fabric is plain weave, also called tabby weave, linen weave, or taffeta weave. This is a style of weaving that alternates weft threads, or yarn, over and under the warp threads, or yarn. Plain weaves are most used in clothing and home textiles due to their durability. The most Another type of woven fabric is the twill weave. This woven textile is created by weaving weft threads in a diagonal pattern up the warp. This technique is known to add more durability to the textile and are preferably used in garments/textiles that will undergo wear and tear. These types of fabric are commonly seen in shirting and suits as well as durable upholstery furniture.
The final type of woven fabric is the satin weave. This is by far the more complicated weave out of the three types. Satin weave involves longer “floats “of the weft yarn or thread, exposed on the surface to create shiny and reflective effects. This type of weave is most commonly used in higher end garments and textiles like jackets, athletic shorts, nightgowns and blouses.