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What Exactly is Olefin Fabric?

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Olefin Fabric

Olefin is another name for polypropylene fiber.

Polypropylene is the chemical name given to the compound we know as the textile, olefin. Chemically speaking, polypropylene sounds like a complicated process, but is in fact a greener fabric than cotton, wool, silk, or rayon. Olefin, or PP, is a synthetic based polypropylene fabric that was first created in Italy in 1957. Production was in full swing in the USA by 1960. The thread can be used in many different textile applications, but where does polypropylene come from? How is it produced and what are the advantages?

Polypropylene is made from the gas propylene. Propylene is a colorless gas with faint petroleum-like odor. It is a co-product of ethylene production through the steam cracking of hydrocarbons or oil production. I know what you're thinking... "How can olefin be more sustainable than cotton or silk while being involved with gas and oil production?"

Propylene, historically, was burnt off during oil production because it was thought to have no industrial use. Upcycling is a process used to create materials that were once thought to be waste products, but now can be chemically transformed into useful materials. Polypropylene is manufactured by polymerizing propylene compounds to get polypropylene. What does this mean? Simply put, smaller single molecules are combined and linked to form longer chain molecules with repeated structural units. The long chain molecule polypropylene, now in pellet or bead form, is then melted and ran through a machine called a spinneret to link all the molecules together into thread. During the melting process, solution-based dyes must be applied because polypropylene is chemically stain resistant. This means after the thread is made, it will not take a dye or stain if applied after thread form. That is why it is imperative to solution dye or pigment dye your olefin during the melting process. After the spinneret turns the polypropylene into thread, the thread is spun into yarn which is then woven into your desired textile application.

Today, the olefin market makes up 16 % of fiber production. Olefin uses no water or land during the production and was once waste material from oil production; making it one of the greenest textiles with the lowest carbon footprint (Source: Higg Index). Let’s not get ahead of ourselves though, just because you use olefin, that doesn’t mean you are still green and environmentally conscious.

Is Polypopylene Fabric Safe?

Olefin is inherently safe, but how we treat the olefin is the true measure of health and environmental consciousness.

Chemicals like Polyfluorinated Compounds (PFC’s) are sprayed on furniture, rugs, and apparel to repel water and stains. Anti-microbials  and fire retardants are also used but have been found by the Green Science Policy Institute to have health effects. Revolution Performance Fabrics only uses Olefin and the weave design to repel stains. Olefin is chemically stain resistant so there is zero need for water repelling chemicals and antimicrobials that can affect your health. Below are some of the benefits of Revolution Performance Fabrics that are 100% made of olefin. 

Advantages of  Revolution Olefin 

  • Durable

  • Colorfastness

  • Comfort

  • Resists staining

  • Upcycled Material

  • No PFC Treatments

  • No Volatile Organic Compounds

  • No Anti-Microbials

  • No Fire Retardants

  • No Chemical Stain Treatments of Any Kind

  Learn more about our Environmental Impact

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Comments


  • Revolution is Greengaurd Gold Certified. Greengaurd Gold Certification (formerly known as GREENGUARD Children & Schools Certification) offers stricter certification criteria, considers safety factors to account for sensitive individuals (such as children and the elderly), and ensures that a product is acceptable for use in environments such as schools and healthcare facilities. It is referenced by both The Collaborative for High Performance Schools (CHPS) and the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Building Rating System.

    The exposure to individual volatile organic compounds (VOCs), as detected in the C6 – C16 mass spectrometric analysis screen, has been adjusted to allow no greater than 1/100 of the currently published ACGIH® Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and no greater than one-half of the California’s Chronic Reference Exposure Levels (CRELs). In many cases, the 1/100 safety factor reduction of TLVs results in the most stringent requirements for an extensive range of VOCs. A total VOC or TVOC maximum allowable limit takes into account the complex mixture of all VOCs found to be emitting from a product, including those with and without TLVs or CRELs.

    This standard is designed to define low-emitting materials suitable for environments where people, particularly children and sensitive adults, spend extended periods of time, in particular schools and healthcare facilities.

    The GREENGUARD Gold Certification requirements comply with the State of California’s Department of Public Health Services Standard Practice for Specification Section 01350 (California Section 01350) for testing chemical emissions from building products used in schools and other environments. As such, GREENGUARD Gold Certified products can be used to earn valuable credits in the CHPS Best Practices Manual for K-12 schools, the US Green Building Council’s LEED® Green Building Rating Systems, the Green Guide for Healthcare, the NAHB Green Building Guidelines, Green Globes, Regreen and many other building codes, standards and specifications.

    There are different types of polypropylene (olefin) and having the Greengaurd Gold Certification states the product is safe to use. Revolution is Greengaurd Gold Certified . They test our fabric under extreme temperature and humidity conditions to determine leeching and off gassing of potentially harmful chemicals See http://greenguard.org/ for more information on their testing.

    Also, there is no latex in Revolution. Revolution has an acrylic back coating due to the fact that latex is a common allergen.

    James on
  • I had my cornias burned from the off gasing of polypropelene some years ago when a sheet variety of this material had been stored in the sun. It was the carbon tetrachloride that did the damage the same gas one smells in a cheap shoe store.

    Concerns are the children’s carpets being manufactured out of pilypropelene currently. Warm rooms and direct sunlight can release this gaseous compound that causes respuatory and eye irration.

    How is revolution different as an olefin?

    Brigid Hurley on
  • Does olefin fabric give off any gases that have carcinogens or could be injurious to one’s health?

    Carole mainella on
  • Is there latex in olefin?

    april manzanares on

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